The King of Fruits: Making Green Mango Rice

It has been said that India has only two seasons: Monsoon season and Mango season. While the monsoon replenishes Indian soil, mangoes are food for the soul.  Did you know that India holds 40% share of the world mango production?

Having to forgo Indian mangoes was definitely a downside of emigration to the US. I don’t count Mexican mangoes: sorry Bobby Flay, I’m sure your mango salsas are nicely fibrous and vaguely sweet 😉 but these mangoes are unfit for consumption unless cooked. I brightened momentarily when President GW visited India, fell in love with the most regal of mangoes, the Alphonso, and granted special import permit for this variety, only to be foiled by the competitive Indian shopper who snaps up crates of mangoes at the going rate for gold. I recall a friend attempting to smuggle import a crate of mangoes from Toronto. At being stopped at the border and asked to throw them away, she refused indignantly. Instead, the family pulled over for an impromptu mango feast with the Customs officers joining in with gusto.

My green mango rice was inspired by a photograph shared by a Malaysian friend taken in his mother-in-law’s garden in Terengganu.  It is adapted from Chandra Padmanabhan’s Dakshin cook book of vegetarian, South Indian cuisine.

Green Mangoes in Malaysia

Green Mangoes in Malaysia

  • Cook one cup of long grained rice (Jasmine or Basmati). Preferably do this ahead. For me, that meant calling home from the gas station to ask my husband to get the rice started.  Let cool by spreading out on a platter.
Spread cooked rice to cool

Spread cooked rice to cool

  • Green mangoes: You will need three small ones or two medium ones or one large… (you get the idea).
Three little green mangoes

Three little green mangoes

  • Peel and grate the mangoes. Mine turned out to be slightly ripe, oops. This was likely because they were sitting around for a week.
Grated mangoes: not quite unripe

Grated mangoes: not quite unripe

  • Grind together: One cup of grated mango, 1.5 tsp black mustard seeds, 0.5 cup fresh grated coconut, 2-4 dry red chilies, and 0.5 tsp of asafoetida powder. You can find grated coconut in the freezer section of your local Indian grocery store.  I’ve described the uniqueness of asafoetida (hing) before. It’s the Brahmin equivalent of garlic. If you don’t care to be an orthodox Brahmin or can’t locate this gum exudate (or both), try substituting a clove of garlic.
Clockwise: mustard seeds, grated fresh coconut, asafoetida powder (hing), dry red chilies

Clockwise: mustard seeds, grated fresh coconut, asafoetida powder (hing), dry red chilies

  • You will need to add a few tablespoons of water to get the blender going.
Mango chutney in blender

Mango mixture in blender

  • You should end up with a tangy, raw mango chutney with a mustardy kick to it.
Mango chutney

Mango chutney

  • Tempering: A standard step in southern Indian cooking, this step adds another layer of flavor and crunchy texture to the rice. To a tablespoon of hot oil, add 1 teaspoon of mustard seeds and 1 tablespoon of split white Bengal gram (urad dal). When the mustard seeds change to pale gray and pop explosively (step back, or find a handy cover), add a handful of fresh curry leaves (kari patta; I save mine in the freezer so they are not quite as freshly green as I would like, but good enough).  If you are going to be using unroasted peanuts, add them now. Otherwise, wait until later.
Tempering mix of mustard, black Bengal gram dal and curry leaves

Tempering mix of mustard, black Bengal gram dal and curry leaves

  • Add the remainder of the grated mango (0.5-1 cup, use it all up!).
Grated mango with tempering

Grated mango with tempering

  • Add the ground mango chutney and continue cooking on low heat for about 5 minutes until it is no longer raw.  Season with salt and turmeric. Let cool.
Cook down the mango chutney

Cook down the mango chutney

  • Assemble the mango rice: Mix the chutney gently into the rice, taking care not to mush the delicate grains in the process. I find my fingers work best for this (I washed my hands, promise). Be patient, working the mixture together so that no pockets of plain rice remain. Use a sprinkling of sesame or other oil if the mix looks dry. Add roasted peanuts, additional coconut if you feel extravagant (I did) and a sprinkling of coarse sugar to balance the tartness of the mango.
Green mango rice with peanuts and coconut

Green mango rice with peanuts and coconut

  • Garnish with chopped cilantro and a sprinkling of fresh coconut. The rice tastes even better after the flavors have had time to blend: delicately tangy and slightly sweet, sharply astringent with mustard, balanced out by creamy richness of coconut, all topped with crunchy peanuts and little pops of roasted mustard seeds. Enjoy!
Garnish with cilantro, more fresh coconut, peanuts and a sprinkling of coarse sugar

Garnish with cilantro, more fresh coconut, peanuts and a sprinkling of coarse sugar

  • We ate it with mango pickle on the side!
Mango pickle

Mango pickle: note the label (without garlic! Yes, it has asafoetida instead)

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7 Responses to The King of Fruits: Making Green Mango Rice

  1. Amazingly delicious. This looks good enough to eat (one of the highest compliments I can pay to a chef). I love the further flavour and texture enhancement through ‘tempering.’ What a lovely concept. I had no idea, but I do ‘tempering’ on a daily basis! If I understood correctly, you still have to be content with less than stellar mangoes at the market? Therefore, you don’t bother serving mangoes fresh, just in chutneys? Probably the only mangoes I have eaten are the not so good ones, but they were still OK–can’t imagine how wonderful real good mangoes taste like.

  2. Gerda says:

    Looks wondergful…next time I’m in town, you need to point me to an Indian grocery to stock up!

  3. Karen says:

    I stopped by to see if you have posted something new and realized my comment on this post didn’t go through. The mango rice sounds terrific. I’m in Maine now and am going to try to find an Indian grocery in Portland as it is only an hour away. I would like to buy what you would consider are five or so important spices for cooking some of your recipes as when I go back to New Hampshire this fall I won’t have any access at all. Everything you make sounds so good.

    • Hi Karen,
      These are the most commonly used spices in Indian cooking:

      coriander seeds
      cumin seeds
      fennel seeds
      mustard seeds

      whole cloves, peppercorns, bay leaves, cinnamon sticks (you probably have these)

      turmeric powder

      red chilli powder (cayenne pepper or paprika could do)

      You could also buy coriander powder and cumin powder, but they tend to lose flavor quickly if you don’t use them much. For occasional use, it would be easy to dry grind them in a small spice mill/coffee grinder.

      That’s it! Let me know if you have trouble finding any of them or if you have questions about any of the recipes. I will upload a new blog on dosas, or southern Indian crepes either tonight or tomorrow.

      Best,
      Rajini

      • Karen says:

        Thank you, Rajini. I have most of these but need to replace for freshness. I need to get coriander and mustard seeds. I’m looking forward to your new post.

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